Gynecologic cancers are the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells originating in the female reproductive organs, including the cervix, ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina and vulva.
Gynecologic cancers are uncontrolled growth and spread of cells that originate in a woman’s reproductive organs including the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina, and vulva. Gynecologic cancers are treated by using surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation therapy. The choice of treatment depends on the type and stage of the cancer.
Gynecologic Cancer Types
Cervical cancer is a gynecologic cancer that begins in the cervix, which is the opening of the uterus (womb) into the vagina (birth canal).
Endometrial and Uterine Cancer
Endometrial cancer is a gynecologic cancer that starts in the endometrium, the inner lining of the uterus (womb).
Ovarian CancerOvarian Cancer is a gynecologic cancer that begins in the ovaries, which are female reproductive glands that produce eggs (ova) for reproduction as well as the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. There are three general types of ovarian cancer:
Vaginal cancer is a rare gynecologic cancer that begins in the vagina (birth canal), which extends from the cervix (opening of the uterus) to the vulva on the outside of the body (external female genitals).
Gestational Trophoblastic Disease
Gestational trophoplastic disease (GTD) is a group of tumors that develop from the abnormal growth of cells inside the uterus (womb) that would normally develop into the placenta (the organ that passes nutrients from the mother to the fetus) during pregnancy.